Published Articles

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Published by Office of Research and Statistics (ORS) Staff

Is Prison Sexual Offending Behavior Indicative of Community Risk? (1)

The Colorado Sex Offender Risk Scale (2)

The Containment Approach to Managing Sex Offenders (3)

The Containment Approach: An Aggressive Strategy for the Community Management of Adult Sex Offenders (4)

The Impact of Polygraphy on Admissions of Victims and Offenders in Adult Sexual Offenders (5)

The Value of the Post-Conviction Polygraph: The Importance of Sanctions (6)

Prison Rape: What We Know Today  (7)

Sex Offender Containment: Use of Post Conviction Polygraph (8)

Sex offender Polygraph Testing in the United States: Trends and Controversies (9)


(1) Heil, P., Harrison, L., English K., & Alhmeyer, S. (2009). Is Prison Sexual Offending Behavior Indicative of Community Risk? Criminal Justice and Behavior, 36 (9), 892-908.

(2) English, K. , Retzlaff, P., & Kleinsasser, D. (2002). The Colorado Sex Offender Risk Scale. Journal of Child Abuse, 11, 77-96.

(3) English, K. (2004). The containment approach to managing sex offenders. Seton Hall Law Review, 34, 1255-1272.

(4) English, K. (1998). The containment approach: An aggressive strategy for the community management of adult sex offenders. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 4 (1/2), 218-235.

(5) Ahlmeyer, S., Heil, P., McKee, B., & English, K. (2000). The impact of polygraphy on admissions of victims and offenses in adult sexual offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 12(2), 123-138.

(6) Cooley-Towell, S., Pasini-Hill, D., & Patrick, D. (2000). The value of the post-conviction polygraph: The importance of sanctions. Polygraph, 29(1), 6-19.

(7) English, K. & Heil, P. (2005). Prison Rape: What We Know Today. Corrections Compendium, 30(5), 1-5 and 42-44.

(8) English, K., Jones, L., Patrick, D., & Pasini-Hill, D. (2003). Sexual offender containment: Use of the post conviction polygraph. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.

(9) Heil, P. & English, K. (2009). Sex offender polygraph testing in the United States: Trend and controversies. The use of the polygraph in assessing, treating, and supervision sex offenders: A practitioners guide (pp. 181-216). United Kingdom: Wiley-Blackwell.

Other Important Resources

Grotpeter, J.K., &, Elliot, D.S. (2002). Violent sexual offending. Boulder, CO: University of Colorado, Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence, Institute of Behavioral Science.
Full Report

Krapohl, D.J., &, Gary, W.B. (2004). Exploration into the effects of race on polygraph scores and decisions. Polygraph, 33 (4), 234-239.

La Fond, J.Q., &, Winick, B.J. (2004). Sex offender reentry courts: A proposal for managing the risk of returning sex offenders to the community. Seton Hall Law Review, 34, 1173-1212.

Part I: pages 1173-1177
Part II: pages 1178-1182
Part III: pages 1183-1187
Part IV: pages 1188-1192
Part V: pages 1193-1197
Part VI: pages 1198-1202
Part VII: pages 1203-1207
Part VIII: pages 1208-1212

Stern, B.A., &, Krapohl, D.J. (2004). The efficacy of detecting deception in psychopaths using a polygraph. Polygraph, 33 (4), 201-213.

Part I: pages 201-207
Part II: pages 208-213