Race/Ethnicity at Criminal Justice Decision Points - 2016

In 2015, the General Assembly passed Senate Bill 185, the Community Law Enforcement Action Reporting Act, or the CLEAR Act. The CLEAR Act mandates that the Division of Criminal Justice (DCJ) annually analyze and report data provided by law enforcement agencies, the Judicial Department, and the adult Parole Board, to reflect decisions made at multiple points in the justice system process. The CLEAR Act requires that the data be analyzed by race/ethnicity and gender. Senate Bill 15-185 mandated DCJ to report these data disaggregated by offense type.

DCJ prepared a statewide REPORT, REPORTS BY JUDICIAL DISTRICT and an interactive data DASHBOARD that presents the findings for calendar year 2016. These two reporting mechanisms (the reports and the data dashboard) should be viewed together since only the reports contains information regarding the data sets and the research methods. The reports also contains data from the adult Parole Board and additional analyses regarding the impact of concurrent cases and prior history on court sentences. Only the dashboard includes detailed offense categories, that is, 17 arrest offense categories and 25 court case crime categories.

Because it is difficult to identify patterns in analyses that involve many categories, the report and the dashboard present a summary of the findings by collapsing the offense categories into four broad groups: Drugs, Other, Property and Violent crimes. Individual crime types are included in the dashboard within the four broad categories. Some crime types include multiple types of offenses. Please see Appendix A and Appendix B of the REPORT for information regarding the crime classification. The crime types include inchoate offenses (attempt, conspiracy, and solicitation).

Finally, the cases represented in the arrests, filings, sentences, and parole board sections are not necessarily the same cases. This is due to the fact that a lag exists between when an arrest results in a filing, when a filing results in a sentence, and when an offender is paroled. This study analyzes events (arrests, filings, sentences, parole decisions) that occurred in a single year.

2016 Interactive Data Dashboard
Links to statewide and judicial district data.

2016 Statewide Report(pdf)
2016 Reports by Judicial District (pdf)
1st Judicial District 2nd Judicial District 3rd Judicial District
4th Judicial District 5th Judicial District 6th Judicial District
7th Judicial District 8th Judicial District 9th Judicial District
10th Judicial District 11th Judicial District 12th Judicial District
13th Judicial District 14th Judicial District 15th Judicial District
16th Judicial District 17th Judicial District 18th Judicial District
19th Judicial District 20th Judicial District 21st Judicial District
22nd Judicial District    

For criminal justice planning committees and interdisciplinary teams addressing disproportionate minority impact, the Brennan Center (at the New York University School of Law) offers a report with guidance on strategies to reduce disparities in local jurisdictions:
Site: Reducing Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Jails: Recommendations for Local Practice
Report: "Reducing Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Jails: Recommendations for Local Practice" (2015)